TWHL: WikiCode Syntax Last edited 1 year ago2022-09-25 02:27:37 UTC

TWHL uses a custom text syntax that we call WikiCode. It is a combination of Markdown and BBCode, with a few extra things to spice it up. If you're familiar with either of these markup systems, you shouldn't have too much trouble.

Basic text formatting

There are two ways to do basic text formatting - the Markdown way and the BBCode way. Markdown style is usually faster to type, but BBCode is generally more flexible.
FormatMarkdown styleBBCode style
Bold text*Bold text*[b]Bold text[/b]
Italic text/Italic text/[i]Italic text[/i]
Underlined text_Underlined text_[u]Underlined text[/u]
Strikethrough text~Strikethrough text~[s]Strikethrough text[/s]
Inline code`Inline code`[ code ]Inline code[ /code ] (remove extra spaces)


Before the land of smartphones and dedicated Unicode glyphs, emoji were known as 'smilies', and were not text, but images! Bizarre, I know. TWHL has complete Unicode support, so go nuts with your smartphone keyboards and you won't have any issues with favourites such as U+1F4A9: PILE OF POO: 💩. For us plebs using desktop browsers, though, you can also use the traditional smilies from the good ol' days.

Here is TWHL's library of smilies and their corresponding text representations. Simply type the text and it will be replaced with a smiley image in the post.

:aggrieved: :aghast: :x :badass: :confused: :cry: :cyclops: :lol: :| :furious:
:glad: :heart: :D :nervous: :nuke: :nuts: :quizzical: :roll: :( :)
:o :thebox: :thefinger: :tired: :P :cool: :\ :biggrin: ;) :zonked:
:sarcastic: :combine: :gak: :^_^: :pwned: :target: :ninja: :hammer: :pirate: :walter:
:plastered: :zomg: :heartbreak: :ciggie: :combines: :crowbar: :death: :freeman: :hecu: :nya:
:aggrieved:  :aghast:    :x            :badass:   :confused:  :cry:      :cyclops:    :lol:      :|        :furious:
:glad:       :heart:     :D            :nervous:  :nuke:      :nuts:     :quizzical:  :roll:     :(        :)
:o           :thebox:    :thefinger:   :tired:    :P          :cool:     :\           :biggrin:  ;)        :zonked:
:sarcastic:  :combine:   :gak:         :^_^:      :pwned:     :target:   :ninja:      :hammer:   :pirate:  :walter:
:plastered:  :zomg:      :heartbreak:  :ciggie:   :combines:  :crowbar:  :death:      :freeman:  :hecu:    :nya:


On the web, linking is one of the more useful things you can do. So, of course there are multiple ways you can link to things using WikiCode. To use auto-linking, make sure the URL starts with http://. Be careful, because some browsers don't include this by default.
Link methodMarkupResult
Standard link[url][/url]
Custom link[url=]Example link[/url]Example link
Standard email link[email][/email]
Custom email link[]Example email link[/email]Example email link
Quick link[]
Custom quick link[|Example link]Example link
Link to TWHL wiki page[[Home]]Home
Custom link to TWHL wiki page[[Home|Example link]]Example link


Embedding images is another useful thing to do, especially on a wiki. Because it's important, there's a few different ways that images can be added to a post. The output isn't shown in this case because images can take a fair amount of space, but you can experiment by using the preview button when typing a post.
Normal image[img][/img]Embed a normal image (breaks text top and bottom)
Link image[url=][img][/img][/url]Clickable to open a URL
Inline image[simg][/simg]Embed a small image (inline with text)
Advanced image[img:]See details on the advanced image format below
Link to TWHL wiki image[img:example.jpg]example.jpg is the title of the wiki upload

Pasting images

If you have an image on your clipboard (usually from taking a screenshot with the PrtSc key, snipping tool in Windows 7, or Win+Shift+S in Windows 10), you can press Ctrl+V into a TWHL textbox to upload the image and insert the required WikiCode to embed the image. This will not work if you have an image file on your clipboard - it must be an actual image.

Using the advanced image tag

Sometimes you wish you had more flexibility when embedding images. Well, now you do! The advanced image tag gives you a few options when adding images to your post.

The syntax can look something like this: [img:example.jpg|url:|size_modifier|position_modifier|caption_text]

Where every field aside from img: is optional. An explanation of each option: As an aside, video and audio files may sometimes be uploaded to the wiki. You can embed these files on modern browsers using the advanced image tag. Just replace [img:] with [video:] or [audio:] to use them. You can embed external video and audio as well, but note that some formats are not supported on some browsers, so it might not work for everyone. The safest formats to use are mp3 for audio, and mp4 for video.


This is the caption text
Embedding Youtube videos was an often-requested feature in TWHL, and now everybody can do it. To embed the video, you first need to find the video ID. You can find this in the URL of any Youtube video - it's a string of 10 or so letters and numbers. It's underlined in the example below.

Once you have the ID, you can use the [youtube] tag to add it to your post:
You may also use the advanced image syntax. The options are similar to the [img:] tag, but you can't use the url:, inline, or thumb options in the tag. An example:
[youtube:oGlhgVz5r6E|left|medium|This is the caption text]


Headings follow the HTML trend by having six levels. To use a heading, start a new line with = symbols. The more symbols you use, the smaller the heading will be.

Heading 1 (Largest)

Heading 2

Heading 3

Heading 4

Heading 5
Heading 6 (Smallest)
These headings are generated by this code:
= Heading 1 (Largest)
== Heading 2
=== Heading 3
==== Heading 4
===== Heading 5
====== Heading 6 (Smallest)


You can make lists by using * for bullet points or # for ordered lists. You can create sub-lists by adding extra symbols. You can mix list types on each level.
  • List item 1
  • List item 2
    • List item 2.1
    • List item 2.2
  1. Step 1
  2. Step 2
    • Be sure to do step 1 before step 2!
The markup for the above looks like:
* List item 1
* List item 2
** List item 2.1
** List item 2.2

# Step 1
# Step 2
#* Be sure to do step 1 before step 2!


Often you want to quote another user when you are replying to them. Again, there are two different ways to quote users.
Markdown style quotes
This is the second line of the quote
The code looks like this:
> Markdown style quotes
> This is the second line of the quote
It's important to note that additional lines in the quote must also start with the '>' character.

Quotes can be nested quite easily:
This is the parent quote
This is the child quote
And the markup:
>> This is the parent quote
> This is the child quote
The second way to quote users is to use the [quote] BBCode tag. These quotes can be nested as well. The new lines are not required, they are simply there to make it easier to read the example.
    [quote]This is the parent quote[/quote]
    This is the child quote
BBCode quotes have the advantage of adding the name of the person you are quoting:
GLaDOS said:Oh, hi. So, how are you holding up? Because I'm a potato!
Which can be done like this:
[quote=GLaDOS]Oh, hi. So, how are you holding up? Because I'm a potato![/quote]


Panels are a simple way to separate some content into its own block. Panels can't be nested within each other, but they can contain any other markup you want. To create a panel, simply mark the start of the content with ~~~. The end of the panel will be marked by the next line that starts with ~~~.

If the first line of your panel content starts with :, it will be used as the panel title.
Panel Title
This is a panel.
The markup for a panel looks like this:
:Panel Title
This is a panel.
Panels can have different colours as well. The options are: message (green), info (blue), warning (yellow), and error (red). To use these colours, put the option after the ~~~ at the beginning of the panel.
Information Panel
This is an 'informative' panel, it is coloured blue.
The markup for an info panel looks like this:
:Information Panel
This is an 'informative' panel, it is coloured blue.

Horizontal line

This is a pretty simple one. Simply have a line of text that has nothing but ---. It'll draw a line that's useful for separating sections of text in a post. It looks like this:

Wiki category

This is the only tag that's specific to the wiki. You can use it in other places, but it will just be ignored. Add this tag to categorise wiki pages. Make sure you spell the category correctly, or the page will link to the wrong category. Here's some examples:
[cat:Put Category Name Here]
[cat:Source Tutorials]
[cat:Requires Further Detail]

Embedded vault

If you're posting on a WIP thread or want to show off your new map or mod, you can embed the map vault item into the post. This is also good for posting example maps on a wiki page. To embed a vault item you need to know the ID of the item. You can find this at the end of the URL on the vault page. For example:

Then you put that ID in a vault tag like this:
The vault item will be added to the page as a screenshot slideshow, along with a link to the item. If you would like to see what it looks like, you can use the post preview function to experiment with this feature.


If you want to get really fancy with your post, you can insert a table. The contents of a table can only be inline - for example, inline images, text formatting, links, and so on. You can't put stuff like Youtube videos or quotes in a table.

To create a table, you use one line of text per table row. For a header row, start the line with |=. For a normal row, start the line with |-. After that, simply enter the contents of each column, separated by a | character. For example:
Header 1Header 2
Value 1Value 2
This table can be created by typing this:
|= Header 1 | Header 2
|- Value 1  | Value 2

Advanced text formatting

These advanced text formatting techniques are not possible using the Markdown style.
Colour text[font=red]Colour text[/font]Can use any colour name from the CSS colour list
Colour text 2[font=#FEA320]Colour text 2[/font]Can use any RGB hex value
Large text[font size=20]Large text[/font]Can use sizes between 6px and 40px
Small text[font size=8]Small text[/font]The standard text size is 14px
Large red text[font color=red size=20]Large text[/font]Both size and colour can be combined. Remember to use the American spelling for "color".
Spoiler tag[spoiler]Spoiler tag[/spoiler]Don't spoil stuff for others!
There's a resonance cascade[spoiler=Half-Life]There's a resonance cascade[/spoiler]It's polite to specify what game/movie/etc. the spoiler is for

Code blocks

You may be wondering how those text blocks appeared above without the BBCode inside them being formatted. This is one of the features of a code block - everything inside them is treated as plain text, and not formatted. This is good for posting snippets of code. To post a code block using the Markdown style, surround the code with three backtick characters (that's the ` character). This will align the code block to the left to avoid unnecessary whitespace.
Surround your text with three backticks like this to format it as code.
If you don't like backticks for some reason, the BBCode tag you want is [pre]. It stands for "preformatted". Unlike backtick blocks, preformatted blocks will retain all whitespace, including at the start of lines.
[pre]All the text inside this tag will be a code block. All whitespace inside this block will be retained.[/pre]

Syntax highlighting

function javascript() { console.log('hello!'); }
TWHL's code highlighting feature will try to detect which programming language your code block contains, but for more control over which language to use, you can specify the language with the following syntax (using js as the example language):
[pre=js]function javascript() { console.log('hello!'); }[/pre]
function javascript() { console.log('hello!'); }
The following languages are supported:


For complex stuff you might want to present some content in columns, side by side. You can do that by using the columns directive. It looks like this:
Column 1
Column 2
Column 3
Which looks like this:
Column 1
Column 2
Column 3
Some things to note:
Phew! That's everything! I know there's a lot of stuff here, but don't worry too much about it. If you need to do a particular thing, just come back to this page later so you can refresh your memory.